The re-planning of the Dorotheen Quartier will not only create new areas for the public realm, but it will also afford a unique opportunity to reassess the Karlsplatz arcade entry and exit. This thoroughfare has, until now, always been perceived as the less important "back" of the site, situated behind the Breuninger Department Store, and leading towards Sporerstraße and Karlsstraße. With this project, this highly valuable central city core will now be infused with a new identity and vitality – complete with a broad range of user activities. This will allow the Quartier to augment Stuttgart’s existing and thriving network of lively pedestrian areas.
It is particularly critical for the project to establish a well-connected ground-level zone that entices both passersby and visitors from the nearby sites to come through the Quartier in an organic fashion. The existing local attractions include the Marktplatz, the Breuninger Department Store, and the Markthalle. A generous gateway and properly-framed views could assist in creating the opportunity for constant circulation between the existing sites and this new development. A new visual link between Markthalle and Karlspassage would certainly aid in connecting the disparate elements of the square, thereby increasing the attractiveness of the Dorotheen Quartier.
Another important task for this project will be to reorganize Sporerstraße, the avenue that lines the back of the Breuninger Store. The objective of the entire reorganization is to create an urban space in the city center with no “rear sides”; and, in this manner, create a public realm that is instead flanked by a variety of equally-attractive, high-quality ’front sides’.
In all respects, heterogeneity, complexity, density and proportion form the key features of the proposed design. The scale, form, and configuration of the new buildings will aim to integrate themselves into the city’s existing urban fabric and character. In this regard, the rooflines of such historic structures as the Markthalle, and the geometries and axes of the public plazas such as Karlsplatz, will have a direct influence on the design and organization of the project. Despite this, the new structures will also, however, impart their own contemporary style and language to the Quartier, as a means by which to enrich its quality and character.
In the city of Stuttgart, the topography of the city’s basin-shaped valley has in essence established a ‘fifth facade’ for each building: the roof. The ’roofscape’ here has particular significance in a place where, from any vantage point, the roofs across the landscape always serve as icons identifying landmarks and destinations in the city.
In this development, the roofs of the new structures – with their shimmering, light, and partially-landscaped terraces and winter gardens devoid of any technical clutter - will be visible from the overlooks afar across Stuttgart.
E. Breuninger GmbH & Co., Stuttgart
Behnisch Architekten, Stuttgart
2010, 1st prize